The neo-nationalism of Brexit and the election of the nativist Donald Trump have rejuvenated far-right politics in a way that's not been seen since the 1930s.To help shed more light on this hateful, hate-mongering political philosophy, here are 14 quotes from academics, thinkers, authors and politicians who lived or studied the horrors of a fascist state.
Dystopia, or the inverse of Utopia, the ideal society, is often thought of as a relatively modern literary genre, but in fact it has a long and fascinating history. Here's a quick run-through of some of the most significant volumes that have made us think long and hard about the societies we live in.
Call it SF, call it speculative fiction, call it slipstream – hey, we hear you can even call it structural fabulation. We’re not going to quibble on the nitty-gritty of nomenclature. What we do know is that these texts, however diverse, are yoked together by their reimaginings of reality – think parallel and sinister sister societies, alien worlds, or our own Earth, subtly altered.
The dystopian novel has a long, dark and intriguing history. Kicking off in 1726 with Jonathan Swift’s rip-roaring satire Gulliver’s Travels, it’s gone through numerous transformations in the last three centuries. One thing all these books share, though, is that they make us think long and hard about the societies we live in.
The opening sentence of a science fiction novel, perhaps more than any other genre, has a lot of work to do. Like all good fiction, it needs to hook you, jolt you into the story and establish the tone. Yet it also needs to get you interested in a whole new alternative world, a place where you'll live for the duration of the book. It's a big ask. Nonetheless, there are some masterly examples of opening lines that do that and more. Here's ten which quite literally take our breath away.
George Orwell hoped that by writing 1984 he’d help stop such a state ever coming to pass. Read these thirteen 1984 quotes to decide for yourself.
George Orwell's 1984 has been translated into sixty-five languages, yet is one of the world's top ten most banned books. What is it about this iconic novel, which has made it so widely read yet so subversive? To find out read these little known facts about the story of its creation.
George Orwell: the originator of Big Brother, Double-Speak and the Thought Police, author of Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four, numerous non-fiction books and journalism, one-time BBC producer, soldier and socialist. One of the greats, no doubt about it. But like many creative sorts, Orwell had his idiosyncrasies...